Water collecting in the basement of your home is a sign that you need to take action. Occasional water trickling out of a small crack or a little bit of dampness on the wall or floor may seem innocent, but these are all signs that your home has a foundation issue. Many homeowners ignore the initial signs of waterproofing issues, however, by doing so you are increasing the likely hood of expensive repairs. Ignoring a basement water issue can lead to wet walls and floors, mould, as well as foundation issues.
There are a variety of issues that cause basement leaks so it is important to identify the cause to take the proper course of action.
Here are the most common reasons and solutions for water leaks in the basement of your Toronto home.
Water often forces its way into a basement after a heavy rainfall or a quick change in temperature (The melting of snow). Water also follows the path of least resistance, so when the ground becomes saturated it pushes its way into your dry basement. Water has a lot of pressure behind it so it will press through weak areas in the foundation to relieve the pressure. This pressure causes foundation and leaky basement issues, that can require large repairs if left untreated. These repairs may include, interior or exterior waterproofing, foundation repairs, sump pump installations, concrete repairs or underpinning and benching.
If there is a VERY SMALL amount of water, you may be able to solve the problem with an oil-based masonry waterproofing paint, however, that is a band-aid treatment that will only last for a short period of time.
To properly solve a leaking basement issue you will need to find where the water is coming in from. This may seem simple but a foundation crack is usually in a different location from the noticeable water damage.
Serious basement leaks require an interior system waterproofing system to relieve the pressure on your foundation and pump excess water away from your home. Interior waterproofing does require a waterproofing expert as there are countless systems. Finding the correct waterproofing system, path, and sump pump location is very important to the success of your system. The power of the pump and its capacity is also highly important and differ in every home.
The improper positioning of downspouts are more common than you may think. Many homeowners forget the importance of pushing the water away from the home, creating ice, pooling water, and other water issues that affect your foundation and basement. Take a look at your downspouts and gutter system to make sure that they are discharging water well away from your home. Sometimes all you need is to adjust the slope and extend the length of your piping so that the water flows beyond the boundaries of your home.
When your home was first built a large hole was dug to pour the foundation. After construction, the soil is packed back around the foundation, however, it never becomes as hard as the untouched soil beyond it. Water continuously looks for a place to go, so when it rains or snow melts, the water will run towards the softer, more porous soil, which, happens to be surrounding the foundation of your home.
Normally, weeping tiles are placed around your home to help collect and disperse water. It is important to note that weeping tiles can become clogged and deteriorate over time, so they should be used in addition to other waterproofing methods.
Changes to your landscaping; such as planting trees, shrubs or placing structures can change the path of water; directing it towards your home.
Do-it-yourself homeowners may want to rent a bobcat and excavate around their home to install weeping tiles but we recommend checking with local authorities before you dig, as city safety measures will need to be followed and permits may be required.
Electrical wires and water pipes lurk beneath the surface making it very important to locate and protect them prior to your excavation. This will stop you from making a big job even bigger.
Another thing to consider is the size of your basement water issues. If you are suffering from constant leaks, weeping tiles may not be enough to solve your problem.
If you are suffering from a big or constant leak you may require a waterproofing contractor to apply exterior or interior waterproofing methods to your home. For example, if the foundation of your home is compromised, weeping tiles will not be enough. The main solution to a compromised foundation is a professionally installed waterproof membrane wrapped around the repaired foundation of your house.
Water pooling around a window well is a sign of a drain clog. Normally a repair involves cleaning the debris and sludge off the window well and drains cover, but sometimes silt and other fine debris work their way beyond the cover causing pooling issues. If cleaning the cover does not fix the pooling, a plumber’s “snake” or weeping tile repair is necessary.
If you are having difficulty determining how moisture is getting into your home or you feel that the work is beyond your capabilities contact Nusite Contractors. We offer a free inspection and estimate in the Greater Toronto area. We have the experience and the equipment to get the job done right, the first time.
Nusite Contractors Ltd. has been proudly serving GTA homeowners for over 30 years! We are a family run business and take pride in customer service and top quality work. You can contact us here to schedule a free consultation and written estimate! We would be happy to help!
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